iOS Dev: Using NSUserDefault

If you have an application that should save any values or objects or preferences (like :how to access preference from your iOS Applications)  for example state of a switch, state of background and you don’t want use database for that small request you can simply add instance of NSUserDefaults class in your implementation.

Information About NSUserDefaults:
With the NSUserDefaults class, you can save settings and properties related to application or user data. For example, you could save a profile image set by the user or a default color scheme for the application. The objects will be saved in what is known as the iOS “defaults system”. The iOS defaults system is available throughout all of the code in your app, and any data saved to the defaults system will persist through application sessions. This means that even if the user closes your application or reboots their phone, the saved data will still be available the next time they open the app!

Main Points:

  1. This is Singleton Class.
  2. NSUserDefaults class gives us an opportunity to save values without database use.
  3. use KVC model for saving and retrieve values.
  4. Key-value coding (KVC) defines generic property accessor methods—valueForKey: and setValue:forKey:—which identify properties with string-based keys.

KVC Info:
KVC is not meant as a general alternative to using accessor methods—it is for use by code that has no other option, because the code cannot know the names of the relevant properties at compile time. Key-value coding and the dot syntax are orthogonal technologies. You can use KVC whether or not you use the dot syntax, and you can use the dot syntax whether or not you use KVC. Both, though, make use of a “dot syntax”.
In the case of KVC, the syntax is used to delimit elements in a key path. It is important to remember that when you access a property using the dot syntax, you invoke the receiver ’s standard accessor methods (as a corollary, to emphasize, the dot syntax does not result in invocation of KVC methods valueForKey: or setValue:forKey:).

With NSUserDefaults you can save objects from the following class types:

  • NSData
  • NSString
  • NSNumber
  • NSDate
  • NSArray
  • NSDictionary

It is easy job, see below:

Code to save data into NSUserDefaults:
======================Objective C Code========================
NSString *dataString = @”background.png”;
NSUserDefaults *standardUserDefaults = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];
if(standardUserDefaults)
{
[standardUserDefaults setObject: dataString forKey:@”BackgroundImage_Key”];
[standardUserDefaults synchronize];
}
=============================================================

There are different accessor methods depending on the type of variable you want to retrieve.

  • arrayForKey
  • boolForKey
  • dataForKey
  • dictionaryForKey
  • floatForKey
  • integerForKey
  • objectForKey
  • stringArrayForKey
  • stringForKey
  • valueForKey

Code to Retrieve data into NSUserDefaults:
======================Objective C Code========================

NSUserDefaults *standardUserDefaults = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];
NSString *dataValue = @””;
if(standardUserDefaults)
{
dataValue = [standardUserDefaults objectForKey:@”BackgroundImage_Key”] ;
NSLog(@”Output = Data Value ==>%@ “,dataValue);
}

OUTPUT:
             Output = Data Value ==> background.png.
=============================================================

References:


				
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iOS Dev: Create Timestamp in Objective-C

Timestamp : A timestamp is a sequence of characters, denoting the date or time at which a certain event occurred.
In Objective C and iOS development, some times you create a timestamp (Unix Time Stamp Style) , use like this :
=======================Objective – C Code =====================
NSString * timeStampValue = [NSString stringWithFormat:@”%d”, (long)[[NSDate date] timeIntervalSince1970]];
NSLog(@”Time Stamp Value == %@”, timeStampValue);

Output: 1334320615

Some definitions which are useful to you:
SQL Definition: The term “TIMESTAMP” is a datatype which create the unique number by using automatic process. The created number will be databse-wise unique.
In SQL “GETDATE() function” which is built-in is used display the current date and time in “timestamp” form.
For Example:
==========================SQL-Code=============================
USE database_demo;
select GETDATE();

Output: 2009-11-30 11-34-21.940
================================================================================

What is the unix time stamp?
The unix time stamp is a way to track time as a running total of seconds. This count starts at the Unix Epoch on January 1st, 1970. Therefore, the unix time stamp is merely the number of seconds between a particular date and the Unix Epoch. This is very useful to computer systems for tracking and sorting dated information in dynamic and distributed applications both online and client side.

What happens on January 19, 2038?
On this date the Unix Time Stamp will cease to work due to a 32-bit overflow. Before this moment millions of applications will need to either adopt a new convention for time stamps or be migrated to 64-bit systems which will buy the time stamp a “bit” more time.

References:

  1. http://www.unixtimestamp.com/index.php
  2. http://forums.techarena.in/software-development/1276728.htm